President John F Kennedy used Medical Marijuana for Pain


President John F Kennedy used marijuana to deal with severe back pain and control his affliction with Addison’s disease, according to a few written accounts, including “John F. Kennedy: A Biography”, which described this White House scene:

“On the evening of July 16, 1962, according to [Washington Post executive] Jim Truitt, Kennedy and Mary Meyer smoked marijuana together. … The president smoked three of the six joints Mary brought to him. At first he felt no effects. Then he closed his eyes and refused a fourth joint. ‘Suppose the Russians did something now,’ he said.”

President Kennedy long suffered with Addison’s disease (also Addison disease, chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism, and hypoadrenalism) which is a rare, chronic endocrine system disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and often mineralocorticoids). It is characterized by a number of relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, but under certain circumstances, these may progress to Addisonian crisis, a severe illness which may include very low blood pressure and coma.

The condition arises from problems with the adrenal gland, primary adrenal insufficiency, and can be caused by damage by the body’s own immune system, certain infections, or various rarer causes. Addison’s disease is also known as chronic primary adrenocortical insufficiency, to distinguish it from acute primary adrenocortical insufficiency, most often caused by Waterhouse–Friderichsen syndrome. Addison’s disease should also be distinguished from secondary and tertiary adrenal insufficiency, which are caused by deficiency of ACTH (produced by the pituitary gland) and CRH (produced by the hypothalamus), respectively. Despite this distinction, Addisonian crises can happen in all forms of adrenal insufficiency.

Addison’s disease and other forms of hypoadrenalism are generally diagnosed via blood tests and medical imaging. Treatment involves replacing the absent hormones (oral hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone). Lifelong, continuous steroid replacement therapy is required, with regular follow-up treatment and monitoring for other health problems.

Thank You: MarijuanaPatients.org 
 

Medical Marijuana and Epilepsy


A chronic seizure disorder, epilepsy affects millions of people worldwide. The sudden and recurrent seizures that result in altered consciousness, convulsions, and other unwanted motor activity cannot be cured, only controlled. Unfortunately though, approximately 30 percent of all epileptic cases are resistant to standard pharmaceutical treatment. Those suffering from epilepsy who do not respond to typical treatment or are looking for a more natural control method often seek out medical marijuana as an alternative form of treatment.

Medicinal marijuana has been used to treat the symptoms of many debilitating neurological diseases since ancient times, so it’s no wonder that it’s also a go-to drug for epilepsy. In fact, it has been used as an anticonvulsant since 1000BC, according to ancient Indian literature. When marijuana was introduced to Western medicine in the 19th century, it quickly became one of the most commonly prescribed treatment options for controlling epileptic seizures, that is, until it became a prohibited substance in the 20th century and its use plummeted.

Fortunately, as medicinal marijuana has become more commonplace—and legal—in North America in recent years, its use for many disorders and illnesses, including epilepsy, has regained popularity. In fact, a 2004 study claimed that 20 percent of epileptic Canadians were using cannabis to control their seizures on a regular basis, with the majority reporting marked improvements in both severity and frequency, while none reported their symptoms getting worse with use. The endocannabinoid system seems to have a role in seizure activity, making it an effective alternative treatment option. 

Though anecdotal evidence and some limited studies have shown positive results for using medicinal marijuana to control seizure activity, animal studies have suggested that cannabidiol (CBD) provides more consistent health benefits for epilepsy than tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both compounds are present in medical marijuana, though ratios can vary. THC has shown conflicting results as an anticonvulsant. Depending on the type of epilepsy, the dosage, and other factors, some THC has shown to exhibit convulsant effects—the opposite effective that epileptic patients seek. In addition, the increased brain activity caused by THC withdrawal could also cause seizures.

On the other hand, there is conclusive evidence that CBD can be a strong anticonvulsant without the risk of causing seizures itself. Those looking to control seizure activity with marijuana should choose strains that are higher in CBD than THC in order to get the maximum health benefits and the lowest risks.

There are many anti-epileptic drugs on the market, all with varying degrees of effectiveness for patients. Animal studies have shown that medical marijuana is just as effective as some pharmaceuticals for preventing seizures, such as chlordiazepoxide and carbamazepine, and even more effective than others, such as ethosuximide, trimethadione, and phenytoin.

However, due to the fact that medical marijuana has never been tested on human subjects suffering epileptic seizures, its use as a treatment for such a neurologic condition is still a hotly debated issue, and physicians are often hesitant to prescribe it instead of pharmaceuticals. Although more data is clearly needed, anecdotal evidence and animal studies have shown that medical marijuana, and particularly CBD, is a safe, natural alternative to pharmaceuticals in the treatment of epilepsy, and in the cases of drug-resistant seizures, it might be the only treatment option available.

As medicinal marijuana starts to become more accepted as a form of treatment in the healthcare industry and society as a whole, more epileptic patients are now benefiting from its use to control seizure activity in order to live more normal daily lives. There’s little doubt that it will become a more prevalent treatment option for epileptic seizures in the future.

Thank You: The Medical Marijuana Association
  

Medical Marijuana vs Broken Bones


Researchers found that the non-psychotropic element in cannabis - the element that does not lead to the user experiencing a high - known as cannabidiol (CBD), significantly sped up the healing process for fractured leg bones in rats after eight weeks.

Additionally, the same researchers previously found that receptors in human bodies which are sensitive to cannabis boost bone formation and limit bone loss, meaning that medicinal doses of cannabis could be used to treat osteoporosis and other degenerative bone diseases.

Dr Yankel Gabet of Tel Aviv University, who led the study, said: "The clinical potential of cannabinoid-related compounds is simply undeniable at this point."

The study, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, tested two sets of rats. One was injected with CBD and the other was treated with a combination of CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychotropic element in cannabis.

The researchers found that CBD alone was enough to enhance the healing process of fractured bones and that THC was not necessary to produce the effects. CBD is primarily an anti-inflammatory compound and has no psychotropic effects, leading the researchers to say that cannabis-based therapies can be developed without the negative side effects of the drug.

In their previous research, Gabet and the late professor Itai Bab of Hebrew University, who co-authored the study, found that the human skeleton is regulated by cannabinoid compounds.
Specifically, the CBD compound strengthens fractured bones during the healing process by promoting the maturation of collagen, which forms a key structural component in bones as well as tendons and ligaments.

"After being treated with CBD, the healed bone will be harder to break in the future," said Gabet.

Cannabis reportedly has a number of health benefits. A 2014 study found that THC reduced tumour growth in an aggressive strain of brain cancer within mice with virtually no psychotropic side-effects.

Last year, the NHS in England ruled out introducing Sativex, a drug derived from cannabis for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, despite the Multiple Sclerosis Society finding in a survey that 82% of MS sufferers taking Sativex considered it essential or high priority.

Cannabis is largely illegal across Europe and can result in users experiencing hallucinations and delusions, while long-term use can have a depressant effect. Some countries do allow for its use in medicinal purposes. In the UK, cannabis is a Class B drug, meaning that the maximum penalty for possession is five years in prison and an unlimited fine.

Last January, the French ministry of health approved the use of Sativex for medicinal purposes. The drug can also be purchased in the UK, Germany and Italy, among other European countries.
Cannabis comes under Schedule 1 in US drug law, along with heroin and ecstasy, meaning it is considered among the most dangerous drugs and considered to have no medicinal benefits.

via: Newsweek

Is Alcohol the Real Gateway Drug?


A new argument has surfaced, based on a new study finding that the age old thinking of recreational marijuana being a “gateway drug” just simply isn’t the case. Of course, some drug abusers are victims of experiencing some sort of gateway drug to get to where they are today, but this new study suggests it’s not marijuana to blame. The culprit actually sits on a shelf behind the bar at your local watering hole. That’s right, the insanely socially accepted substance, alcohol, is the prime suspect.

Using a sample from the University of Michigan’s annual Monitoring the Future survey, the study destroys the theory that recreational marijuana use will open doors to bigger and more destructive drugs, definitively proving that pot is not the primary factor of whether a person will move on to more dangerous substances. It’s no shock to anyone that alcohol is more addictive than THC, which has been proven (and argued) that it’s not addictive at all on a physical level. You could also argue that some alcohol abusers might try to seek out something stronger to quench their insatiable thirst, some even turning to rubbing alcohol like Nick Cage in Leaving Las Vegas.

In the last Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the CDC found that about 71% of American students have had consumed at least one alcoholic beverage in their lifetime. The same survey showed that at least 39% had an alcoholic drink within the last 30 days, and another study in the medical journal, Lancet, ranked alcohol as the most harmful drug of all. They had ranked alcohol above tobacco, cocaine, crack, and even heroin. On top of that, The Lancet study even showed that harm to others near the user were more than doubled those of drugs like heroin. That’s pretty compelling evidence considering recreational marijuana isn’t even on the list, in fact, it’s nowhere near it.

This report shows evidence that substance abuse behaviors can be predicted with a great degree of accuracy by closely studying a subject’s drug history. It shows that marijuana as the primary “gateway drug” to even more dangerous substances got out of hand because of its creators. Creators who conveniently called it the ‘Stepping Stone Hypothesis” in the 1930s. During the age of Reefer Madness, these people had misread the data and had completely failed to do a proper follow up. I wonder why? The latest form of the gateway theory is that it all begins with THC and then moves on to harder and more harmful drugs. According to this study, it confirms this hypothesis, but doesn’t show recreational marijuana as the frontrunner, but rather alcohol as the leading gateway drug.

Compelling evidence considering the fact that marijuana is still firmly planted into the minds of some people as being the “gateway drug” of the present, when in fact, it’s really just a theory from the past.

via: Cannabis Sativa

GROW YOUR MEDICINE Soils and Mediums


There are many options to grow with, and many different types of marijuana growing soils and products of which one is best.  One of the fun things about growing cannabis is experimenting with different techniques and finding the one you feel most comfortable with.

Soil

Soil is composed of clay, sand, rock and organics. Organics are decomposed animal and plant matter that provide the soil with nutrient content.  The rocks and sand provide drainage that helps the roots grow while the clay helps with moisture.  Soil is often full of microorganisms that are breaking down the organics contained within it by feeding on them.  Soil works very well in the ground but can heavy in containers because it can clump.  The use of other ingredients with soil can help lighten it and help water distribute evenly throughout it.

Some of the highest reviewed potting soils include:

  • Happy Frog Potting Soil
  • Roots Organic Potting Soil
  • Vital Earth’s Organic Potting Soil

Perlite

Perlite is a porous white substance that is used to stabilize water holding in plant mixes.  It is very light and actually floats in water.  Perlite is usually used for cloning and mixing with other grow mediums but in some cases is used as the primary medium.

The Whittemore Company has been supplying perlite products since 1919 and we recommend them for all your perlite needs.

Warning! When handling perlite, because of the dust it gives off, the use of a respirator device or facemask is recommended so as not to damage your lungs.

Vermiculite

Vermiculite, crushed volcanic rock, known as “puffed mica”, is medium that provides great drainage when mixed with other grow mediums. It holds water as well as a sponge and because of this, it is often mixed with other ingredients to help with air and water retention.

Vermiculite is very lightweight.  Vermiculite is not often used as a stand-alone medium.
We have had good results with Espoma Organic Vermiculite from GrowersHouse.com
Warning! Dry vermiculate is harmful to breath. Before using it, wet it down so the dust doesn’t get in your lungs.


 Rockwool

Rockwool is spun rock that comes in multiple sizes of cube.  The smaller cubes are often used for seedlings or clones, and are great at draining moisture.  The larger blocks are regularly used in hydroponic systems such as ebb and flow trays.  To make sure there are no air bubbles present, it is recommended to submerge Rockwool in water for 8 hours prior to use.

Rockwool works well with Marijuana roots because it has porosity that helps hold air and water.  It also is the right density so roots can easily grow and move throughout Rockwool.  Rockwool is sterile, meaning it has no nutrients.

When purchasing rockwool we always recommend using Grodan’s products.
Warning! When using rock wool it is recommended to use a facemask when handling it.
Rockwool gives off noxious fibers and should be wetted before use to avoid them.

Hydroton, Coconut Fiber and More at: Cannabis Training University

 

REVIEW the Journey3 pipe Clever Engineering and Cool Design


The Journey3 combines clever engineering and cool design to deliver a cool smooth smoking experience.

The Journey3 is made up of three pieces of zinc alloy held together by a strong magnet. The three pieces come together to form a screen-less filter. The filter not only collects most of the tar but starts the cooling process engineered into the pipe.

The lid keeps your fine smokables secure during your travels and smothers the burning embers between hits.

In my opinion, the best feature of the Journey3 is that it is so easy to clean. Even at it’s dirtiest, the J3 can be cleaned to new with a paper towel, a little bit of alcohol or your favorite cleaner and a couple of minutes. In a pinch, you can even clean everything up pretty good with a dry napkin or paper towel.


The Journey3 definitely makes a great gift for your fellow enthusiasts as well a a great little gift for yourself.

Check out the Journey3 at WickiePipes
and use code: MRSTINKYS for 10% OFF all orders. 



TRAVEL TIP Flying with your MMJ


If you consume cannabis, the question of flying with your stash has surely crossed your mind. Understandably so, many people use cannabis as medicine and would never consider leaving home without it. But do you dare try to sneak through the ever-scruitnous TSA security checkpoint with an ounce of Bubba Kush? The simple answer: it’s still illegal to fly with cannabis domestically, but you probably won’t get caught. In reality, it’s a bit more complicated than that. The answer depends on where you’re flying, how much cannabis you intend to carry, and how much risk you want to assume. By following our guide below, you can ensure you always have cannabis when traversing the country.

Before we proceed, lets clear up a common misconception – TSA officers are not cops. They do security work, but their job is not to enforce the law. What about the canines? Those are likely bomb dogs, as opposed to drug dogs, if you’re in the domestic terminal. Note: This pertains to domestic travel only! We do not recommend flying with cannabis internationally as the laws in other countries can be drastically different. For international travel, focus on consumption before takeoff.

The TSA has also publicly stated on its website that its officers “do not search for marijuana or other drugs,” but warns that its agents are required to turn over those found with cannabis or other drugs to local law enforcement (aka the cops). That said, your departure city and destination are important as they will dictate the laws you are subject to if you were to get caught. Because cannabis is illegal nationally, the federal legality will not change with location. However, you will be subject to the individual state’s laws and the airport’s laws, if applicable.

The amount of cannabis you can fly with is directly linked to your departing state’s possession limits. For example, if you are flying out of a state with legal cannabis programs, you can fly with an amount up to that state’s legal medical and/or recreational limit. Just be aware that if you land in a state with less friendly cannabis laws, you are still at risk of being charged with possession.

If you are flying from a state where cannabis remains illegal and you are dead set on flying, try to keep quantities under your state’s lowest tier possession limit. As a general rule of thumb, both TSA and local law enforcement offices are going to be less concerned if you are traveling with an amount of cannabis that is clearly for personal use as opposed to a weight viable for distribution.

There is no perfect combination of itinerary and cannabis quantity that will guarantee a risk free flight. However, you can mitigate your risk of getting caught by flying with small amounts of cannabis discreetly. This means ensuring that pungent smells aren’t emanating from your bag – stick to airtight storage containers or vacuum sealed bags.

On the off chance TSA decides to check your bag because you forgot to remove your pocketknife, it helps if the cannabis and other accessories are stored out of sight; we recommend a discreet solution like the Safety Case as opposed to a plastic bag.

For those struggling with nerves, either consume before the flight or try packing a small amount into your checked luggage instead your carry-on bag. Checked bags are searched less frequently and when they are, the search is not as extensive as the searches conducted on carry-on bags.

Another way to mitigate risk is to fly with edibles as they are virtually indistinguishable from their un-infused counterparts and produce very little odor. One alternative to flying with cannabis altogether, is buying it when you arrive at your destination. However, this will only be feasible if flying to a state with recreational and/or medical programs. Fly safe and let us know where your travels take you!

Thank You: BlackRock Originals and Get $10 OFF Everything at BlackRock with your Referral Code: HERE

 

Medical Marijuana vs ADHD


In a German clinical study conducted between 2012-2014, patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were given cannabis plants as a form of medicine to potentially treat common symptoms related to ADHD. The study concluded patients with ADHD who did not benefit from conventional medication may benefit from consistent usage of herbal cannabis.

Thirty patients – two women, 28 men – made up the study with an average age of 30 at the initial visit, and ranged from 21 to 51 years old. Prior to the use of cannabis, these 30 patients were using conventional ADHD medication such as Ritalin, Concerta, Strattera, Dextrostat and Vyvanse, but seeing no improvements in their symptoms. German law allows patients who are unresponsive to government-approved medication to apply for a medical cannabis waiver.

The patients were generally asked to discontinue use of conventional medication, because it could have an adverse effect combined with the herbal cannabis and due to its prior ineffectiveness, and focus solely on the herbal cannabis to see how effective it was. Upon switching to the herbal cannabis, all 30 patients reported improved concentration and sleep along with reduced impulsivity.

At the conclusion of the study, eight of the patients continued to take a combination of conventional medication and herbal cannabis as they deemed it the most successful method to treating their symptoms. The remaining 22 decided to stick with just the herbal cannabis because it worked so well for them and they had no luck previously with the prior medication.

The clinical study came after case reports from 2008 suggested the possibility of therapeutic benefits from the use of herbal cannabis. The case study took a 28-year-old subject diagnosed with ADHD, exposed them to herbal cannabis, and found it “had a positive impact on performance, behavior and mental state”.

As of 2011, 11 percent of American children between the ages of 4 and 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD. The number of adults was lower, just 4 percent, though it is likely higher because if they weren’t diagnosed as a child, they likely won’t be as an adult.

Currently, the use of medical cannabis is not allowed to treat ADHD or its symptoms in the United States. However, two states – California and Washington, D.C. – allow doctors to recommend medical cannabis as a treatment, but solely at their discretion.

With over 10 percent of children in the United States suffering from ADHD and an unknown number of adults, this clinical study could very well open the door to states with legal medical cannabis incorporating ADHD as one of the ailments able to utilize its benefits.

via: MassRoots

REVIEW the Randy’s ZIPP Dry Herb Vaporizer


Included with the ZIPP:
Retracting USB charging cable
USB wall outlet charger
Packing tool
Cleaning brush
3 Silicone mouth tips
4 Screens



By now most of us have heard of, seen or burned some Randy’s Wired Papers. Since their founding in 1975, Randy’s has expanded into offering more varieties of wired papers, the smallest to the very large bottle brushes and pipe cleaners as well as some of the best cleaning solutions.

To be honest, I had forgotten about Randy’s until a bottle of Randy’s Black Label showed up in one of the subscription boxes I enjoy avery month. I immediately remembered one of the last times I had purchased a pack of Randy’s back when I was in college, many moons ago. You see, back in the olden days we not only walked uphill in the snow both ways to and from school but stores that carried specialty papers were few and far between. When I would happen upon a store that sold Randy’s, I would always pick up a pack.

Well, a lot has happened since those good ole’ days. Smoker’s options have certainly evolved and so has Randy’s.


Soon after contacting Randy’s, my new friend, Jason insisted that try out one of their vaporizers. How could I say no?

A couple days later, a ZIPP Dry Herb Vaporizer was in my mailbox. I unpacked it and immediately wanted to get it charging. The first thing I noticed was the clever retractable USB charging cable. Without going to much further into the box, I realized that Randy’s packs in a few extras in their standard package.

The “extras” are simple but thoughtful. Randy’s included a USB wall charger, 3 Silicone mouth pieces and 4 screens. I thought about it and Yes, I have been in USBless places where the wall charger would have come in handy. I also recall, passing a piece to a friend who unknowingly passed a cold or a bit of the flu right back. The mouthpieces would definitely come in handy in a potentially germy situation like that. The mouth tips also give your lips a nice break from the heat of a long sesh.

After about an hour or so, the ZIPP was charged and ready to go. I knew it was ready to go because not the blinking blue light gone solid but battery lever indicator read full. The digital display makes quite a difference. With the display, you know your charge level and you also know your exact temperature setting. Not only can you select one of 80 temperature settings, between 350º and 430º but your custom setting is saved and already set for the next time you fire up your ZIPP.

All in all, the Randy’s Dry Herb Vaporizer comes with everything you need. The ZIPP gets to your custom temperature setting quickly, even when the battery indicator shows the end of the charge. This vaporizer performs like a compact champ but the digital display is what keeps me going back to enjoy my Randy’s ZIPP.

    The ZIPP is definitely a gift you can give with confidence. Remember to use your MRSTINKYS coupon code and receive an additional 10% OFF the ZIPP or anything you find at randys.com.



Medical Marijuana vs Post Operative Pain

By Gooey Rabinski

Cannabis is proven to provide pain relief for a variety of conditions. Users tend to think of the analgesic (pain relieving) quality of marijuana in terms of specific diseases or ailments. It is widely understood that cannabis provides significant relief for Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy. But what about more generalized conditions, like the pain and nerve damage that is frequently experienced following major surgery?

According to a study conducted in 2010, “An alarming portion of patients develop persistent or chronic pain following surgical procedures, but the mechanisms underlying the transition from acute to chronic pain states are not fully understood.”

A 2014 study in Australia of 1,514 patients using prescribed opioids revealed that 16 percent of them were supplementing with whole plant cannabis and 25 percent reported that they would have used marijuana to control their pain if it had been available to them.

While sativa varieties of cannabis tend to be the best for depression, pain relief is typically most effectively delivered by an indica strain. However, many sativa strains are also successful pain relievers.
One cancer patient who used cannabis to treat his pain following surgery reported:

“I would be using a 85 percent indica strain that I have used for the last few weeks to help with the original incision they made; it seems to be working a lot better then my heady sativas.”

The Studies

A study reported in 2006 conducted at Imperial College London involved 65 patients who had very recently undergone surgery. Each was given a cannabis extract called Cannador. Eleven patients received a 5 mg dose, 30 were given a 10 mg portion, and 24 received 15 mg. All of those who received the 5 mg dose requested additional pain killers, indicating that the dose was ineffective. Only 50 percent of those who received the 10 mg requested additional pain treatment, while only 25 percent of those on the highest dose (15 mg) required an additional analgesic.

One of the study’s researchers, professor Mervyn Maze, reported:

“We thought cannabis might be beneficial in helping manage pain following surgery, as previous research indicated cannabinoids help top up the body’s natural system for reducing pain sensation. This research proves it can be effective, with minimal side effects at low doses.”
Researchers noted that cannabis caused few side effects, making it especially safe for patients having just undergone surgery who often cannot tolerate conventional pharmaceutical drugs.
Dr Anita Holdcroft, a lead researcher from Imperial College London, stated:

“Pain after surgery continues to be a problem because many of the commonly used drugs are either ineffective or have too many side effects. These results show that cannabinoids are effective.”
A 2007 study at London’s University College Analgesia Centre involved a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Participants were given a 12 mg dose of cannabinor, a cannabinoid-like molecule that binds to CB2 receptors in the body’s immune system. Researchers noted that administration of cannabinor produced a “statistically significant decrease in patients’ overall pain versus placebo.” Interestingly — and in contrast to the 2006 study — larger doses of the drug did not result in better pain relief.

Another 2007 study conducted by San Francisco General Hospital and the University of California’s Pain Clinical Research Center, as published in the journal Neurology, reported that inhaling cannabis significantly reduced HIV-associated neuropathy compared to placebo. Researchers reported that smoking cannabis three times daily reduced patients’ pain by 34 percent, concluding:

“Smoked cannabis was well tolerated and effectively relieved chronic neuropathic pain from HIV-associated neuropathy [in a manner] similar to oral drugs used for chronic neuropathic pain.”
Researchers at the University of California at San Diego in 2008 reported similar findings. As published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, researchers summarized:

“Smoked cannabis…significantly reduced neuropathic pain intensity…compared to placebo.”
A 2010 clinical trial at McGill University in Montreal was published in the the Canadian Medical Association Journal. The study involved 21 men and women with an average age of 45. One participant was a patient who had knee surgery, during which the surgeon likely cut a nerve, leading to chronic pain following the procedure.

Participants were rotated between cannabis treatments containing 2.5, 6, and 9.4 percent THC — or a placebo. All participants received all four treatments. “We’ve shown again that cannabis is analgesic. Clearly, it has medical value,” reported Mark Ware, assistant professor of anesthesia and family medicine at McGill University.

 

Needed for Chronic Pain

Chronic pain and nerve damage are common following surgery of all types. The efficacy of cannabis as an analgesic should be seriously considered by the medical establishment. The need for cannabis or cannabinoid extract therapy is only exacerbated by the negative side effects and frequent lack of response of patients to traditional pharmaceutical drugs. In addition, cannabis reduces the risk of addiction to opiates following surgery.

These studies, combined with anecdotal patient reports, reveal that cannabis is a viable option for the treatment of post-operative pain and surgically induced nerve damage and should be studied further.

Strains for Post Operative Pain and More: MassRoots

Medical Marijuana vs Glaucoma


Glaucoma is the result of a number of diseases that lead to the damage of the optic nerve. The optic nerve is what sends signals to the brain on what the eye is seeing. While most types of glaucoma include increased pressure in the fluid of the eye, there are also types of glaucoma that do not include increased eye pressure. A comprehensive eye exam is necessary to identify diseases of the eyes. The increased pressure in the eye is a major factor in producing damage to the eye, specifically the optic nerve. If glaucoma is not addressed, it could result in permanent damage to a person’s eyesight. 

While anyone can develop glaucoma, there are three groups with a higher risk: African Americans over 40; everyone over 60, especially Mexican Americans; and those with a family history of glaucoma.

The National Eye Institute details a number of conventional treatments for glaucoma, including a variety of medicines, laser surgery, and conventional surgery that creates new drainage routes. All of these have major and minor side effects that can negatively affect quality of life.

Cannabis has been proven to have a positive effect in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common type of glaucoma. Cannabis reduces the pressure in the eye for 3 to 4 hours after having been inhaled, or longer with edibles and vapor treatments.

There is some disagreement on whether cannabis is an effective method for treating specific types of glaucoma. Those opposed to its use cite the 3 to 4 hour effect of reduced eye pressure after smoking cannabis and potential negative side effects from inhaling the smoke. Proponents detail how cannabis can now be consumed a number of ways that increase the positive effects while reducing side effects. The end result of the information is that generally speaking, cannabis is no better or worse than other conventional treatments given the benefits, risks, and side effects.

However, a number of glaucoma patients relate how conventional treatments either failed to help them or that the conventional medications lost their effectiveness over time. Cannabis is a proven treatment in reducing eye pressure consistently over time.


The American Glaucoma Society offers additional hope in promising studies on topical treatments and the positive aspect of cannabinoids in protecting nerve cells like those in the eyes. These studies are on-going, but suggest that cannabis can be used as a protective treatment in addition to previously known benefits for treating glaucoma. 

As with any treatment for diseases, patients should consult with their physician on the best treatment for addressing glaucoma. Each individual is different, and it is important to begin with a comprehensive eye exam to fully understand potential eye diseases. The use of cannabis for the treatment of glaucoma has been studied since the 1970s with proven results for specific types of glaucoma. How it will work for you depends on your own needs and lifestyle choices.

For more information visit the American Glaucoma Society.

Thank You: Mid West Compassion

REVIEW the GeniusPipe


The manufacturers of the GeniusPipe make some pretty big claims and promises when promoting the GeniusPipe. “Coolest pipe on the market”, “Easy to clean” and “Cough free”.

The timing of this review could not be more convenient. My GeniusPipe arrived a couple of days before a long trip thru the NE to visit friends and family. The trip gave me the opportunity to do some “show and tell” and testing with my fellow enthusiasts.

Early on in the trip a couple friends pointed out some things that I didn’t notice. The first thing is that even though I had already realized that the sliding cover was perfect for extinguishing the flame, the sliding cover also provided the opportunity for some easy bowl cornering. When I first checked out the GeniusPipe I thought that the bowl might be too small and shallow but I quickly realized that the sliding cover aides conservation to the point that a little goes a long long way.

The “coolest pipe…” claim can be confirmed on the first try. The dimples within the pipe certainly do their job and deliver on the cool hit promise from the first to the last hit. I also noticed that the cooling effect helped bring out the taste that is usually lost in the heat.

While visiting Martha’s Vineyard, a friend of mine had some Orange Crush, a strain native to the Vineyard. Even though my GeniusPipe was less than clean, the cooling effect gave me the opportunity to get a really good taste. Sure enough, the Orange Crush had a flavor that was a near perfect match to that first sip of a nice cold Orange Crush soda.

Over the course of my 2,000+ mile tour, I had to clean my GeniusPipe several times. All I can say is that it is super simple to clean. A little bit (maybe 1 ounce) of alcohol and a paper towel and your done.

The final promise is “Cough free”. Once you realize that you need only to gently inhale to get a nice hit and see that there is no need to create any suction, you see that this pipe performs as promised.

All in all the GeniusPipe delivers on every promise and claim. If you are looking for something new for you collection, you will not be disappointed. If you are searching for a super cool gift for your favorite stoner, this is a gift you can give with great confidence.


Check it out for yourself at WickiePipes
and get 10% OFF with Promo Code: MRSTINKYS

Some Health Benefits of CBD Cannabidiol


There are at least 85 active cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. Cannabidiol (CBD) is easily the most exciting though, offering a host of medicinal uses. CBD doesn’t have psychoactive effects, meaning you won’t get high by ingesting it.

Cannabis is a profoundly powerful medicine that has been used for thousands of years. As science moves forward, we have been able to really examine just how the cannabis plant affects our body. What we have found is that it offers far more health benefits than previously thought, kind of a cure-all, from pain reliever to anti-cancer agent. We wanted to compile some of the well documented health benefits of cannabidiol to help raise awareness for this natural super-drug.

Cannabidiol has actually been found to negate some of the effects of THC (the psychoactive component in cannabis). More specifically, cannabidiol helps to prevent the acute memory impairment caused by Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Vitamin CBD – Antioxidant Benefits of Cannabidiol

 

We all know how important antioxidants are for our health, and we all know about Vitamin C and Vitamin E. What you probably didn’t know, is that cannabidiol is a more powerful antioxidant than either Vitamin C or E. 

The powerful antioxidant benefits of cannabidiol are thought to be partially responsible for it’s ability to fight chronic inflammation and protect brain cells from reactive oxygen species.

Cannabidiol for Pain Relief

 

“Cannabinoids may be superior to opioids in alleviating intractable pathologic pain syndromes.” – J. Manzanares

The cannabis plant is widely known for its analgesic properties. There are a few cannabinoids that help to relax muscles and relieve pain, but the most prominent is cannabidiol.

Cannabis extracts have been found to relieve pain even more effectively than opioid painkillers. Opioid pain relievers are widely prescribed for pain, however they pose some serious health concerns and are extremely addictive.

Cannabidiol can be used to help treat acute pain, postoperative pain, chronic pain and neuropathic pain. This has made it a preferred pain management treatment for cancer patients, individuals with multiple sclerosis, migraine sufferers and people with phantom limb syndrome.

Neuroprotective Benefits of Cannabidiol

 

Marijuana may have a bad reputation, associated with brain-dead pot-heads and lazy slackers. Contrary to this common misconception, cannabidiol actually helps protect our brain and cognitive function.

Inflammation is a leading contributor to virtually all known diseases, neurodegenerative disorders included. Because cannabidiol acts as a natural anti-inflammatory as well as a potent antioxidant, it is a very promising treatment option for all neurodegenerative disorders. 

Anti-Cancer & Anti-Tumor Benefits

 

Researchers have been searching for a cure for cancer for decades, looking for a treatment option that doesn’t ravage the entire body. After spending well over $100 billion on cancer research, we still don’t have a cure. But the answer may have been hidden in plain site, deep inside the cannabis plant.

Cannabidiol has been found to activate apoptotic pathways in breast cancer cells. Researchers are now exploring the cancer-fighting potential of cannabidiol and the initial results are very promising.

CBD is an antineoplastic agent, meaning it inhibits the growth and spread of tumors. Making it a promising potential treatment option for cancer patients of all kinds.

Improved Fracture Healing & Bone Strength

 

Alright, cannabidiol is a powerful sleep aid, pain reliever, yields serious benefits for our cognitive health and even helps fight cancer. As if that wasn’t remarkable enough, it even helps us heal broken bones.

Don’t expect miraculous healing powers like Wolverine, but one study shows that CBD lead to an improvement in fracture healing, playing a critical role in collagen crosslinking. Meaning it helped fractured bones repair themselves more effectively.

More at: The Chill Bud

The Difference Between Indica and Sativa


You have probably already heard of sativa and indica, and even the hybrid strains, but do you know what the differences between them are? They are three distinct categories of specific traits that even the most experienced growers don’t know about.

Sativa and Indica have been on the books since the 1700s, but the hybrid didn’t come until some time later. Sativas come from a temperate climate near the equator, while the Indica likely originated around present-day Afghanistan, specifically near the Hindu Kush area. The climate and weather conditions there are harsh — this is likely why they have a thicker protective coat of resin than the Sativa strains.
Nowadays, less is thought about the origins of the Indica and Sativa, and rather what those strains are well known for. This is why many marijuana growers prefer to grow one or the other.

There is actually no official scientific evidence that explains the differences between Indica and Sativa strains of marijuana or even confirms that these differences exist. Nonetheless, they are widely accepted facts among the marijuana growing and using crowd.

There are some historical explanations for the beginnings of the Indica strain, also known as Cannabis Indica. It was first classified by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French biologist, in the late 1700s. He also identified the fact that the plants were intoxicating. It was different from the regular hemp crops grown in Europe at the time, as they did not intoxicate the consumer.

Because of the differences between the European hemp crops (then actually known as Cannabis Sativa), Lamarck named his Indian discovery Cannabis Indica to establish its uniqueness from the European hemp. It was considered a therapeutic remedy of sorts in Europe during the 1800s and commonly used in Western medicine.

Indica plants look short and bushy and have wide leaves and dense branches, making it the best strain for indoor grow rooms. They are known for their healing effects in regards to anxiety, insomnia, pain, relaxation of muscles, headache, and migraine relief, and muscle spasms. The high that comes from smoking Indica weed includes a sedating effect, making the smoker feel relaxed in their entire body. ‘Couch lock’ is the commonly used expression for this sort of high.

Indicas are considered the ‘nighttime’ type of marijuana. There is also a difference in scent between strains. Indica marijuana tends to have a scent that is strongly sweet or sour.

Sativas are tall and thinner with looser branches and long, narrow leaves, making them suitable outdoor plants. They are big. Some can grow as high as 25 feet tall — or more! They work well to combat the symptoms of depression, ADD, fatigue, and mood disorders. The high achieved with smoking Sativas is more uplifting, energizing, and often creative, as it focuses mostly on the cerebral region of the brain.

Sativas are considered the ‘daytime’ type of marijuana. They are well known for being an artist’s favorite type of marijuana to smoke, as it helps the free flowing of ideas for paintings and other type arts. In general, Sativa gives the user an overall feeling of contentedness, well-being, and ease, not to mention the fact that it helps spark and maintain focus.

The differences in the effects of Indica and Sativa strains come from varying levels of THC and CBD. Sativas naturally produce high levels of THC, while Indicas instead produce high levels of CBD. The ratios of THC and CBD are what make the differences come out, but this can vary even within the strains. Sometimes you will find a Sativa high in THC or an Indica high in CBD, due to all the cross-hybridization that has gone on over the generations; therefore, the expected effects do not always appear.

Thank You: I Love Growing Marijuana


MMJ EDIBLE RECIPE Southern Biscuits and Sausage Gravy


These satisfying cannabis-infused biscuits and gravy are a great way to medicate in the morning. These step-by-step directions will help you make the most delicious Southern Style Biscuits and Sausage Gravy.

*This recipe is designed for high tolerance users. Lower tolerance users who make this recipe should substitute regular butter for cannabis-butter in the biscuits recipe.

Strains suggested for use in cannabis-butter & marijuana milk recipes:

Afghan Kush • Ghost Train Haze • Agent Orange • XJ 13

Ingredients

 


Buttermilk Biscuits


  • 2 1/2 cups self-rising flour (OR 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour, 3 1/4 teaspoons baking powder, and 3/8 teaspoon salt if you do not have self-rising flour)
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 4 tablespoons vegetable shortening
  • 4 tablespoons cannabis-butter (chilled)
  • 1 cup chilled buttermilk

Sausage Gravy


  • 1lb sage pork sausage
  • 1/4 cup finely chopped yellow onion
  • 1/3 cup flour
  • 2 cups whole milk
  • 2 cups whole-marijuana-milk
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 2 teaspoons black pepper plus more to taste
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 1/2 teaspoon poultry seasoning
  • 2 dashes Worcestershire sauce
  • a pinch of cayenne pepper

Directions


  1. Preheat the oven to 450°F.
  2. Prepare a floured work surface for shaping the dough and an ungreased baking sheet.
  3. Whisk together the flour, sugar, and salt in a medium bowl. Use a fork or pastry blender to cut in the shortening and cannabis-butter. Work quickly to turn the mixture into a coarse, crumbly meal. Don’t handle directly with your hands to avoid warming the butter and shortening.
  4. Make a well in the flour mixture and pour in the buttermilk. Stir with a spoon until the liquid is absorbed and the dough starts to pull away from the sides, adding an additional tablespoon or two of buttermilk if the dough is too dry. You want the dough to be nice an tacky.
  5. Use floured hands to turn the dough onto the floured work surface and fold it over on itself 2 or 3 times. Shape into a 3/4″ round. Use a 2″ biscuit butter and cut out the biscuits, pressing straight down (not twisting).
  6. Place the biscuits on the baking sheet so they just barely touch. Reshape the dough scraps and continue cutting until there is no more dough left. Set aside.
  7. Place a saucepan on the stove over medium-high heat.
  8. Once the pan is hot, crumble the sausage unto the pan and let it brown for a minute or two then turn down the heat to medium. Break the sausage into smaller pieces while it cooks until there is no more pink. Stir in the onions and cook until they are transparent.
  9. Add the biscuits to the oven and bake for 15-18 minutes. They are done when edges are golden brown.
  10. Sprinkle half the flour over the sausage, and stir until it is all soaked up. Add a little more just before the sausage starts to look too dry.
  11. Stir it around and cook for another minute or so, then pour all 4 cups of milk (2 cups whole milk & 2 cups whole-marijuana-milk), stirring constantly.
  12. Cook the gravy, stirring constantly until the gravy thickens. Sprinkle in the spices (salt, pepper, nutmeg, poultry seasoning, Worcestershire sauce, and cayenne pepper) and continue cooking until the gravy is thick and velvetty. If it gets too thick, splash in 1/2 cup of milk. Taste and adjust the seasonings.
Serves: 10-12

Once the gravy is finished and the biscuits are cooked, top the biscuits with the gravy. Serve immediately.

 Thank You: MassRoots

Medical Marijuana vs Back Pain


Back pain is a medical condition that usually cannot be ignored due to its interference with overall sense of well-being and it is one of the most common reasons people visit a doctor. Although it is possible for the pain to go away from lying down and relaxing, many times the remedy isn't that simple. When it comes to medical cannabis, back pain is a condition that has been treated with success for some patients. The following reasons summarize why medical cannabis can help people with back pain. 

1. The Body Naturally Makes Cannabis-like Chemicals


The human body has its own natural painkilling system in which it manufactures chemicals like marijuana that treat pain, according to a WebMD article reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy, MD, MPH. Marijuana can help those natural chemicals perform better for some people, according to University of Colorado PharmD Laura Borgelt. Medical marijuana has been prescribed by doctors in states where it is legal to use as treatment for chronic pain, particularly nerve pain and muscle spasms. 


A 1999 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) presented evidence that spinal cord injury and other forms of acute pain could be treated with cannabinoids, which are found in marijuana. The report mentioned that the nervous system includes cannabinoid receptors that detect and control the perception of pain. 


The report characterized marijuana as a promising pain relief medication of the future. As the medical community becomes more willing to research medical cannabis, back pain problems will likely be resolved on a wider scale without the use of drugs such as codeine. The report found that codeine required six times an amount than THC, the active ingredient of cannabis, to achieve the same pain relief effects. The report noted that THC patients reported less anxiety than codeine patients did.

2. Conventional Treatments are More Dangerous and Expensive


It's a good idea to avoid heavier drugs that can have more harmful side effects. In fact, recent studies show that states which have legalized medical marijuana have had decreased pharmaceutical painkiller deaths. Aside from fatal overdoses, side effects from pharmaceutical painkillers can include nausea, gastric bleeding, ulcers and stomach problems. Even though these drugs can provide pain relief, the side effects present too much risk, whereas marijuana does not have many side effects. Another difference with cannabis is that it is not physically addictive, whereas many conventional drugs can be. 


Conventional drugs can also be much more expensive than cannabis. Insurance doesn't always cover all costs and in the United States pharmaceutical drugs cost astronomically higher than in other countries. The downside of capitalism is that corporations are allowed to set high prices, even for health care products. Cannabis, on the other hand, is relatively inexpensive, partly because it typically is not manufactured in a lab with synthetic patented chemicals and it doesn't involve the research and marketing costs that drive up pharma drug prices. These reasons have played a major role in patients of many disorders shifting to medical marijuana, especially for chronic back pain. 


3. Medical Cannabis, Back Pain and Associated Problems


Medical cannabis not only reduces or even eliminates back pain; it can also reduce or eliminate other discomfort that arises from back pain. These associated problems include anxiety, depression and insomnia, which can all be relieved by marijuana for certain individuals. Many states have named these specific conditions as grounds for doctors to approve medical cannabis for treatment. By eliminating these various health issues, you can improve your quality of life and get on with your life. Other associated benefits of marijuana include mood elevation and improved sleep.


via: the Medical Marijuana Association

4 Good Reasons Marijuana is Better than Alcohol


Here are just a few of the many ways marijuana outperforms alcohol:

Marijuana is a brain-booster

 
A common stereotype paints medicinal marijuana users as slow-thinking and lazy. However, research has shown that the cannabinoids in marijuana actually help stimulate brain activity. In addition, THC -- the ingredient in marijuana responsible for getting you high -- can actually prevent buildup of amyloid-beta peptides, one of the biggest causes of Alzheimer's disease, in the brain. In fact, the Scripps Research Institute study suggests that THC might even do this better than most legal prescription drugs. Meanwhile, alcohol is a depressant -- meaning it slows down brain activity and even contributes to a worsening in mood.

Medicinal marijuana use has been proven to treat certain health conditions

 
There are a wide number of different ailments that medical marijuana can help treat. From epilepsy to chemotherapy side effects to depression and anxiety, a growing number of people are using medical marijuana as a safe, effective way to treat their health problems. Alcohol, however, lacks these medicinal properties -- and could even make your health worse. Habitual drinking is associated with increased risk of cancer, worsening of epilepsy, cardiovascular disease and much more.

Marijuana is virtually non-addictive

 
The chances of someone becoming addicted to marijuana are lower than any other drug or substance. Only about 9% of people who use marijuana regularly will develop a dependence. Alcoholism occurs at about the same rate. Substances like tobacco result in addiction among about 30% of users, in contrast.


There have been zero deaths on record from marijuana overdose
 
Because it is nearly impossible to overdose on marijuana -- medical or otherwise -- there are no recorded deaths directly resulting from marijuana consumption. Meanwhile, alcohol results in the deaths of as many as 2.5 million people around the world annually, whether it's from alcohol poisoning or from drunk driving.


Thank You: The Medicinal Marijuana Association 

MMJ Patients are Reducing their Consumption of Pharmaceuticals


Patients with legal access to medical marijuana reduce their consumption of conventional pharmaceuticals, according to a demographic review of patient characteristics published online in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

Investigators affiliated with the Medical Marijuana Research Institute in Mesa surveyed responses from 367 state-qualified patients recruited from four Arizona medical cannabis dispensaries. Respondents were more likely to be male, in their mid-40s, and daily consumers of cannabis.

Respondents most often reported using cannabis therapeutically to treat symptoms of chronic pain, muscle spasms, nausea, anxiety, arthritis, depression, headaches, insomnia, and stress. Patients typically said that cannabis provided “a lot of relief” or “almost complete relief” of their symptoms and that its efficacy was greater than that of more conventional medications.

Patients also reported reducing their use of pharmaceuticals. Over 70 percent of respondents reported using other medications “a little less frequently” or “much less frequently” for 24 of the 42 conditions specified. Over 90 percent of those who reported consuming cannabis to mitigate symptoms of nausea, headache, muscle spasms, fibromyalgia, bowel distress, and chronic pain acknowledged using pharmaceuticals less frequently once they had initiated cannabis therapy.

Previously published survey data of medical cannabis patients similarly report subjects’ willingness to substitute cannabis for prescription drugs, particularly opioids.

A study published in July by the National Bureau of Economic Research, a non-partisan think-tank, reported, “States permitting medical marijuana dispensaries experience a relative decrease in both opioid addictions and opioid overdose deaths compared to states that do not.” Data published in 2014 in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Internal Medicine similarly reported, “States with medical cannabis laws had a 24.8 percent lower mean annual opioid overdose mortality rate compared with states without medical cannabis laws.”

via: The Daily Chronic

It is Impossible to Lethaly Overdose on Marijuana


In early 2014, the BBC reported that a 31-year-old woman, Gemma Moss, “died as a result of cannabis poisoning.” The real shocker, however, isn’t Moss’ death, but rather the fact that she had smoked only half a joint.

One of the most ambiguous, yet frequently lobbed criticisms of cannabis is the fact that it is “dangerous.” Despite this fear mongering, until more robust research is conducted, the long-term effects of cannabis on the human brain and nervous system will remain in debate.

A 2009 study from American Scientist regarding the toxicity of recreational drugs provides some interesting numbers. The study revealed that using only 10 times the “effective” dose of alcohol can be fatal. However, in the case of cannabis, 1,000 times the effective dose is necessary to achieve a fatal dose (a ratio 100 times greater than that of alcohol).

One of the most common methods by which the “danger” inherent in a particular drug is objectively measured within the medical community is the rate at which it kills those who consume it. This is measured by something called the LD-50 rating, which indicates the dosage necessary to kill 50 percent of test animals “as a result of drug induced toxicity.”

n a 1988 ruling, DEA Administrative Law Judge Francis L. Young detailed the amount of cannabis necessary to achieve a level of toxicity that might cause death in humans:
“At present it is estimated that marijuana’s LD-50 is around 1:20,000 or 1:40,000. In layman terms this means that in order to induce death a marijuana smoker would have to consume 20,000 to 40,000 times as much marijuana as is contained in one marijuana cigarette. A smoker would theoretically have to consume nearly 1,500 pounds of marijuana within about 15 minutes to induce a lethal response.”
Not convinced? According to the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health,

“Because cannabinoid receptors, unlike opioid receptors, are not located in the brainstem areas controlling respiration, lethal overdoses from cannabis and cannabinoids do not occur.”
More recent research has indicated additional reasons why humans don’t die from marijuana poisoning. In 2014, the journal Science published the results of French researchers who have discovered the presence of a natural hormone that reverses marijuana intoxication — in rats, at least. According to the researchers, “When the [rat] brain is stimulated by high doses of THC, it produces pregnenolone — a 3,000 percent increase — that inhibits the effects of THC.”

It’s sad when an otherwise reputable media outlet like the BBC succumbs to the ignorance of decades of global cannabis prohibition. Regardless of a reader’s stance on medical or recreational marijuana, a firm grasp of the facts is necessary to overcome an abundance of misinformation — sometimes even from mainstream media.

In the words of the DEA’s own Judge Young: “Marijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man.”

Thank You: MassRoots

The Wonderful Women of Weed Volume XVII











The Women of Weed Volume IX
The Women of Weed Volume X 
The Women of Weed Volume XI
The Women of Weed Volume XII
The Women of Weed Volume XIII
The Women of Weed Volume XIV 
The Women of Weed Volume XV
The Women of Weed Volume XVI 
The Women of Weed Volume XVII
 

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