Memory and Marijuana Use



Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, is known to impair nearly all aspects of memory. There is one exception, though. THC does not affect the recall of existing memories.

The most obvious effect of THC is the disruption of short-term memory. This means it will be harder to form new memories while high. THC also impairs the consolidation of short-term memories into long-term memories. This makes it difficult to remember what happened during the high — even after it wears off.

But THC does not impair your ability to recall existing memories. So, marijuana users will be able to remember things like their name and where they live, no matter how high they might get. Similarly, marijuana use does not lead to memory loss or dementia.

In fact, experts believe that the body’s endocannabinoid system — a biological system made up of naturally occurring, marijuana-like compounds — acts to regulate memory formation. Specifically, it seems to function as a filter of sorts, preventing the brain from being overloaded with irrelevant or useless memories.

The effects of THC on memory seem to depend on dose, with larger doses having a more severe effect. But studies also show that frequent users tend to be more tolerant to marijuana and its effects.

Some studies suggest that CBD may act to reduce the memory impairments of THC. However, not enough research exists to say for certain whether this is true.

While memory impairment is a downside for most marijuana users, THC can help some people forget bad memories.

In fact, studies show that the endocannabinoid system is directly involved with the extinction of negative memories. By acting on the endocannabinoid system, THC is believed to facilitate this extinction.

As a result, THC is believed to hold promise in treating anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Experts believe that marijuana can help patients with PTSD cope with traumatic memories by improving their ability to forget.

More at: Leaf Science

GROW TIP: Properly Drying Your Harvest



Once the marijuana plants have been harvested, they have obviously ceased to produce new cannabinoids and resins. The main changes to the potency will be negative, but effective drying and storage can help mitigate the effects. Most of the weight contained in the plant is water and drying will cause the liquid to evaporate, ensuring that the marijuana will burn evenly and smoke well.

lf you were impatient, and tried to quickly cut, dry, and smoke a bud prior to your harvest, you probably noticed how poorly it smoked. This is due to the water that comprises well over half (more that 60%) of its weight.
It probably didn’t get you high either, since drying also helps to activate the cannabinoids within the marijuana plant. But since you are a prudent cannabis grower, you waited until your buds were perfectly ripe and ready.

There are several methods to consider when drying marijuana, and they range from quick and easy, to slightly more involved but not much more difficult. The first method that I will describe is the slowest but by the far the most effective in terms of sealing in the aroma and taste of your buds. Simply hang the buds upside down in a secure dark place such as a closet or room with sealed windows and a good draft. It is important that air be able to circulate while the marijuana plants are being dried. This means that you may have to exercise some caution in terms of where you might be able to safely dry the plants – they will be very, very pungent.

Use a fan to keep the air circulating and be sure to separate the plants or you could lose a lot of your buds to mold. Removing the large green leaves and stems speeds the drying process since those parts of the plant contain much more water. Do not dry the marijuana in the sunlight as the buds will lose potency, their color and some of their taste. They may also become brittle, which will make them smoke very harshly.

If your drying room is very humid, or if it is raining outside pay special attention to your bud and make sure that the room is well ventilated. You will have to be especially vigilant under these conditions with respect to mold. This is the reason that the drying area should be secure: your multiple trips should not arouse suspicion. Expect the drying time for a large amount of marijuana plants to be at least ten days to two weeks.

Thank You: I Love Growing Marijuana

STUDY Marijuana Linked to Fewer Brain Injury Deaths


People who use marijuana may be more likely to survive a serious head injury than people who don't, a new study suggests.

At one hospital, the death rate after traumatic brain injury was lower among people who tested positive for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the active ingredient in marijuana) than among people who tested negative for it, researchers found.

“This data fits with previous data showing that (THC) may be neuroprotective,” Dr. David Plurad, one of the study's authors, said in a phone interview.

Experiments in animals have found that THC may protect the brain after injury, Plurad and his colleagues write in The American Surgeon. Little is known about the specific effects of THC on brain injury in humans, however.
For the new study, the researchers reviewed data on 446 adults treated at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center in Torrance, California for traumatic brain injuries. All had been tested for THC.

Overall, approximately one in five patients tested positive for THC and one in 10 patients died after their injury.

About 2.4 percent of people who tested positive for THC died, compared to about 11.5 percent of those with negative THC tests.

People who tested positive for THC were about 80 percent less likely to die, compared to people with negative THC tests, researchers found after they adjusted the numbers to account for age, gender, injury severity and type.
Previous studies have also suggested that alcohol may protect the brain in traumatic brain injuries, Plurad said. Those studies did not account for the presence of THC, however.

“We included the presence of alcohol in our statistical analysis, and it didn't turn out to be as protective as the presence of the marijuana,” he said, adding that future studies examining the effects of alcohol on traumatic brain injury should account for the presence of THC.

One concern with the study, according to Plurad, is that the test for THC could not distinguish occasional from regular users. A person could test positive after having used marijuana days or even weeks before.
Given that marijuana is inexpensive and may have some medical benefits, its therapeutic effects are worth investigating further, he added.

“There's not going to be one answer, is marijuana good for you, is marijuana bad for you,” he added. “Like most things in life, and particularly medicine, it's going to be somewhere in between.”

via: Reuters

MMJ Medible RECIPE Pulled Pork Sandwich



Ingredients

2 Cups Hickory Chips
1 bone-in pork butt (7-9 lb), Boston butt or end-cut pork shoulder roa
1 tablespoon olive CannaOil
1 teaspoon kosher salt
1 teaspoon pepper
10 plain white hamburger buns (no sesame seeds), split
Barbecue Sauce
Directions 

Place wood chips in a medium bowl, cover with water. Soak for 30 minutes. 
Brush pork with oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper.

Use a charcoal or gas grill. For a charcoal grill, heat coals in center of grill to medium-low heat. Divide coals, placing half on each side of the grill, leaving center open. Place drip pan between coals. For gas grill, light two outside sections, leaving middle section unlit (three-burner grill). Or light one side and leave other side unlit (two-burner grill). Place drip pan on unlit side. Heat on high until hot.

Add wet wood chips to coals or place in smoking box of gas grill. (Or place chips in heavy-duty foil; fold to make packet. Poke holes in packet; place over indirect heat.)

Place pork, fat side up over drip pan. Grill, covered, over medium-low heat or coal 4-5 hours or until internal temperature reaches 190 or 200 degrees; adjusting heat or adding coals as necessary to maintain grill temperature of 325-350 degrees. Meat should be tender and falling apart, and bone should come out smooth and clean with no meat clinging to it. (This is the real test for doneness on the barbecue circuit.)

Let stand 20 minutes or until cool enough to handle. Remove skin, bones and fat. Reserve crisp edges; shred meat with two forks or chop with large knife. Chop reserved crispy bits; add to pork. Stir in about 3/4 cup barbecue sauce or enough to moisten. 

Serve in bun topped with some coleslaw. Serve additional sauce on the side.

Thank You: The Stoners Cookbook
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