President John F Kennedy used Medical Marijuana for Pain

President John F Kennedy used marijuana to deal with severe back pain and control his affliction with Addison’s disease, according to a few written accounts, including “John F. Kennedy: A Biography”, which described this White House scene:

“On the evening of July 16, 1962, according to [Washington Post executive] Jim Truitt, Kennedy and Mary Meyer smoked marijuana together. … The president smoked three of the six joints Mary brought to him. At first he felt no effects. Then he closed his eyes and refused a fourth joint. ‘Suppose the Russians did something now,’ he said.”

President Kennedy long suffered with Addison’s disease (also Addison disease, chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism, and hypoadrenalism) which is a rare, chronic endocrine system disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and often mineralocorticoids). It is characterized by a number of relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, but under certain circumstances, these may progress to Addisonian crisis, a severe illness which may include very low blood pressure and coma.

The condition arises from problems with the adrenal gland, primary adrenal insufficiency, and can be caused by damage by the body’s own immune system, certain infections, or various rarer causes. Addison’s disease is also known as chronic primary adrenocortical insufficiency, to distinguish it from acute primary adrenocortical insufficiency, most often caused by Waterhouse–Friderichsen syndrome. Addison’s disease should also be distinguished from secondary and tertiary adrenal insufficiency, which are caused by deficiency of ACTH (produced by the pituitary gland) and CRH (produced by the hypothalamus), respectively. Despite this distinction, Addisonian crises can happen in all forms of adrenal insufficiency.

Addison’s disease and other forms of hypoadrenalism are generally diagnosed via blood tests and medical imaging. Treatment involves replacing the absent hormones (oral hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone). Lifelong, continuous steroid replacement therapy is required, with regular follow-up treatment and monitoring for other health problems.

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Medical Marijuana and Epilepsy

A chronic seizure disorder, epilepsy affects millions of people worldwide. The sudden and recurrent seizures that result in altered consciousness, convulsions, and other unwanted motor activity cannot be cured, only controlled. Unfortunately though, approximately 30 percent of all epileptic cases are resistant to standard pharmaceutical treatment. Those suffering from epilepsy who do not respond to typical treatment or are looking for a more natural control method often seek out medical marijuana as an alternative form of treatment.

Medicinal marijuana has been used to treat the symptoms of many debilitating neurological diseases since ancient times, so it’s no wonder that it’s also a go-to drug for epilepsy. In fact, it has been used as an anticonvulsant since 1000BC, according to ancient Indian literature. When marijuana was introduced to Western medicine in the 19th century, it quickly became one of the most commonly prescribed treatment options for controlling epileptic seizures, that is, until it became a prohibited substance in the 20th century and its use plummeted.

Fortunately, as medicinal marijuana has become more commonplace—and legal—in North America in recent years, its use for many disorders and illnesses, including epilepsy, has regained popularity. In fact, a 2004 study claimed that 20 percent of epileptic Canadians were using cannabis to control their seizures on a regular basis, with the majority reporting marked improvements in both severity and frequency, while none reported their symptoms getting worse with use. The endocannabinoid system seems to have a role in seizure activity, making it an effective alternative treatment option. 

Though anecdotal evidence and some limited studies have shown positive results for using medicinal marijuana to control seizure activity, animal studies have suggested that cannabidiol (CBD) provides more consistent health benefits for epilepsy than tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both compounds are present in medical marijuana, though ratios can vary. THC has shown conflicting results as an anticonvulsant. Depending on the type of epilepsy, the dosage, and other factors, some THC has shown to exhibit convulsant effects—the opposite effective that epileptic patients seek. In addition, the increased brain activity caused by THC withdrawal could also cause seizures.

On the other hand, there is conclusive evidence that CBD can be a strong anticonvulsant without the risk of causing seizures itself. Those looking to control seizure activity with marijuana should choose strains that are higher in CBD than THC in order to get the maximum health benefits and the lowest risks.

There are many anti-epileptic drugs on the market, all with varying degrees of effectiveness for patients. Animal studies have shown that medical marijuana is just as effective as some pharmaceuticals for preventing seizures, such as chlordiazepoxide and carbamazepine, and even more effective than others, such as ethosuximide, trimethadione, and phenytoin.

However, due to the fact that medical marijuana has never been tested on human subjects suffering epileptic seizures, its use as a treatment for such a neurologic condition is still a hotly debated issue, and physicians are often hesitant to prescribe it instead of pharmaceuticals. Although more data is clearly needed, anecdotal evidence and animal studies have shown that medical marijuana, and particularly CBD, is a safe, natural alternative to pharmaceuticals in the treatment of epilepsy, and in the cases of drug-resistant seizures, it might be the only treatment option available.

As medicinal marijuana starts to become more accepted as a form of treatment in the healthcare industry and society as a whole, more epileptic patients are now benefiting from its use to control seizure activity in order to live more normal daily lives. There’s little doubt that it will become a more prevalent treatment option for epileptic seizures in the future.

Thank You: The Medical Marijuana Association

Medical Marijuana vs Broken Bones

Researchers found that the non-psychotropic element in cannabis - the element that does not lead to the user experiencing a high - known as cannabidiol (CBD), significantly sped up the healing process for fractured leg bones in rats after eight weeks.

Additionally, the same researchers previously found that receptors in human bodies which are sensitive to cannabis boost bone formation and limit bone loss, meaning that medicinal doses of cannabis could be used to treat osteoporosis and other degenerative bone diseases.

Dr Yankel Gabet of Tel Aviv University, who led the study, said: "The clinical potential of cannabinoid-related compounds is simply undeniable at this point."

The study, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, tested two sets of rats. One was injected with CBD and the other was treated with a combination of CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychotropic element in cannabis.

The researchers found that CBD alone was enough to enhance the healing process of fractured bones and that THC was not necessary to produce the effects. CBD is primarily an anti-inflammatory compound and has no psychotropic effects, leading the researchers to say that cannabis-based therapies can be developed without the negative side effects of the drug.

In their previous research, Gabet and the late professor Itai Bab of Hebrew University, who co-authored the study, found that the human skeleton is regulated by cannabinoid compounds.
Specifically, the CBD compound strengthens fractured bones during the healing process by promoting the maturation of collagen, which forms a key structural component in bones as well as tendons and ligaments.

"After being treated with CBD, the healed bone will be harder to break in the future," said Gabet.

Cannabis reportedly has a number of health benefits. A 2014 study found that THC reduced tumour growth in an aggressive strain of brain cancer within mice with virtually no psychotropic side-effects.

Last year, the NHS in England ruled out introducing Sativex, a drug derived from cannabis for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, despite the Multiple Sclerosis Society finding in a survey that 82% of MS sufferers taking Sativex considered it essential or high priority.

Cannabis is largely illegal across Europe and can result in users experiencing hallucinations and delusions, while long-term use can have a depressant effect. Some countries do allow for its use in medicinal purposes. In the UK, cannabis is a Class B drug, meaning that the maximum penalty for possession is five years in prison and an unlimited fine.

Last January, the French ministry of health approved the use of Sativex for medicinal purposes. The drug can also be purchased in the UK, Germany and Italy, among other European countries.
Cannabis comes under Schedule 1 in US drug law, along with heroin and ecstasy, meaning it is considered among the most dangerous drugs and considered to have no medicinal benefits.

via: Newsweek

Is Alcohol the Real Gateway Drug?

A new argument has surfaced, based on a new study finding that the age old thinking of recreational marijuana being a “gateway drug” just simply isn’t the case. Of course, some drug abusers are victims of experiencing some sort of gateway drug to get to where they are today, but this new study suggests it’s not marijuana to blame. The culprit actually sits on a shelf behind the bar at your local watering hole. That’s right, the insanely socially accepted substance, alcohol, is the prime suspect.

Using a sample from the University of Michigan’s annual Monitoring the Future survey, the study destroys the theory that recreational marijuana use will open doors to bigger and more destructive drugs, definitively proving that pot is not the primary factor of whether a person will move on to more dangerous substances. It’s no shock to anyone that alcohol is more addictive than THC, which has been proven (and argued) that it’s not addictive at all on a physical level. You could also argue that some alcohol abusers might try to seek out something stronger to quench their insatiable thirst, some even turning to rubbing alcohol like Nick Cage in Leaving Las Vegas.

In the last Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the CDC found that about 71% of American students have had consumed at least one alcoholic beverage in their lifetime. The same survey showed that at least 39% had an alcoholic drink within the last 30 days, and another study in the medical journal, Lancet, ranked alcohol as the most harmful drug of all. They had ranked alcohol above tobacco, cocaine, crack, and even heroin. On top of that, The Lancet study even showed that harm to others near the user were more than doubled those of drugs like heroin. That’s pretty compelling evidence considering recreational marijuana isn’t even on the list, in fact, it’s nowhere near it.

This report shows evidence that substance abuse behaviors can be predicted with a great degree of accuracy by closely studying a subject’s drug history. It shows that marijuana as the primary “gateway drug” to even more dangerous substances got out of hand because of its creators. Creators who conveniently called it the ‘Stepping Stone Hypothesis” in the 1930s. During the age of Reefer Madness, these people had misread the data and had completely failed to do a proper follow up. I wonder why? The latest form of the gateway theory is that it all begins with THC and then moves on to harder and more harmful drugs. According to this study, it confirms this hypothesis, but doesn’t show recreational marijuana as the frontrunner, but rather alcohol as the leading gateway drug.

Compelling evidence considering the fact that marijuana is still firmly planted into the minds of some people as being the “gateway drug” of the present, when in fact, it’s really just a theory from the past.

via: Cannabis Sativa

GROW YOUR MEDICINE Soils and Mediums

There are many options to grow with, and many different types of marijuana growing soils and products of which one is best.  One of the fun things about growing cannabis is experimenting with different techniques and finding the one you feel most comfortable with.


Soil is composed of clay, sand, rock and organics. Organics are decomposed animal and plant matter that provide the soil with nutrient content.  The rocks and sand provide drainage that helps the roots grow while the clay helps with moisture.  Soil is often full of microorganisms that are breaking down the organics contained within it by feeding on them.  Soil works very well in the ground but can heavy in containers because it can clump.  The use of other ingredients with soil can help lighten it and help water distribute evenly throughout it.

Some of the highest reviewed potting soils include:

  • Happy Frog Potting Soil
  • Roots Organic Potting Soil
  • Vital Earth’s Organic Potting Soil


Perlite is a porous white substance that is used to stabilize water holding in plant mixes.  It is very light and actually floats in water.  Perlite is usually used for cloning and mixing with other grow mediums but in some cases is used as the primary medium.

The Whittemore Company has been supplying perlite products since 1919 and we recommend them for all your perlite needs.

Warning! When handling perlite, because of the dust it gives off, the use of a respirator device or facemask is recommended so as not to damage your lungs.


Vermiculite, crushed volcanic rock, known as “puffed mica”, is medium that provides great drainage when mixed with other grow mediums. It holds water as well as a sponge and because of this, it is often mixed with other ingredients to help with air and water retention.

Vermiculite is very lightweight.  Vermiculite is not often used as a stand-alone medium.
We have had good results with Espoma Organic Vermiculite from
Warning! Dry vermiculate is harmful to breath. Before using it, wet it down so the dust doesn’t get in your lungs.


Rockwool is spun rock that comes in multiple sizes of cube.  The smaller cubes are often used for seedlings or clones, and are great at draining moisture.  The larger blocks are regularly used in hydroponic systems such as ebb and flow trays.  To make sure there are no air bubbles present, it is recommended to submerge Rockwool in water for 8 hours prior to use.

Rockwool works well with Marijuana roots because it has porosity that helps hold air and water.  It also is the right density so roots can easily grow and move throughout Rockwool.  Rockwool is sterile, meaning it has no nutrients.

When purchasing rockwool we always recommend using Grodan’s products.
Warning! When using rock wool it is recommended to use a facemask when handling it.
Rockwool gives off noxious fibers and should be wetted before use to avoid them.

Hydroton, Coconut Fiber and More at: Cannabis Training University


REVIEW the Journey3 pipe Clever Engineering and Cool Design

The Journey3 combines clever engineering and cool design to deliver a cool smooth smoking experience.

The Journey3 is made up of three pieces of zinc alloy held together by a strong magnet. The three pieces come together to form a screen-less filter. The filter not only collects most of the tar but starts the cooling process engineered into the pipe.

The lid keeps your fine smokables secure during your travels and smothers the burning embers between hits.

In my opinion, the best feature of the Journey3 is that it is so easy to clean. Even at it’s dirtiest, the J3 can be cleaned to new with a paper towel, a little bit of alcohol or your favorite cleaner and a couple of minutes. In a pinch, you can even clean everything up pretty good with a dry napkin or paper towel.

The Journey3 definitely makes a great gift for your fellow enthusiasts as well a a great little gift for yourself.

Check out the Journey3 at WickiePipes
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TRAVEL TIP Flying with your MMJ

If you consume cannabis, the question of flying with your stash has surely crossed your mind. Understandably so, many people use cannabis as medicine and would never consider leaving home without it. But do you dare try to sneak through the ever-scruitnous TSA security checkpoint with an ounce of Bubba Kush? The simple answer: it’s still illegal to fly with cannabis domestically, but you probably won’t get caught. In reality, it’s a bit more complicated than that. The answer depends on where you’re flying, how much cannabis you intend to carry, and how much risk you want to assume. By following our guide below, you can ensure you always have cannabis when traversing the country.

Before we proceed, lets clear up a common misconception – TSA officers are not cops. They do security work, but their job is not to enforce the law. What about the canines? Those are likely bomb dogs, as opposed to drug dogs, if you’re in the domestic terminal. Note: This pertains to domestic travel only! We do not recommend flying with cannabis internationally as the laws in other countries can be drastically different. For international travel, focus on consumption before takeoff.

The TSA has also publicly stated on its website that its officers “do not search for marijuana or other drugs,” but warns that its agents are required to turn over those found with cannabis or other drugs to local law enforcement (aka the cops). That said, your departure city and destination are important as they will dictate the laws you are subject to if you were to get caught. Because cannabis is illegal nationally, the federal legality will not change with location. However, you will be subject to the individual state’s laws and the airport’s laws, if applicable.

The amount of cannabis you can fly with is directly linked to your departing state’s possession limits. For example, if you are flying out of a state with legal cannabis programs, you can fly with an amount up to that state’s legal medical and/or recreational limit. Just be aware that if you land in a state with less friendly cannabis laws, you are still at risk of being charged with possession.

If you are flying from a state where cannabis remains illegal and you are dead set on flying, try to keep quantities under your state’s lowest tier possession limit. As a general rule of thumb, both TSA and local law enforcement offices are going to be less concerned if you are traveling with an amount of cannabis that is clearly for personal use as opposed to a weight viable for distribution.

There is no perfect combination of itinerary and cannabis quantity that will guarantee a risk free flight. However, you can mitigate your risk of getting caught by flying with small amounts of cannabis discreetly. This means ensuring that pungent smells aren’t emanating from your bag – stick to airtight storage containers or vacuum sealed bags.

On the off chance TSA decides to check your bag because you forgot to remove your pocketknife, it helps if the cannabis and other accessories are stored out of sight; we recommend a discreet solution like the Safety Case as opposed to a plastic bag.

For those struggling with nerves, either consume before the flight or try packing a small amount into your checked luggage instead your carry-on bag. Checked bags are searched less frequently and when they are, the search is not as extensive as the searches conducted on carry-on bags.

Another way to mitigate risk is to fly with edibles as they are virtually indistinguishable from their un-infused counterparts and produce very little odor. One alternative to flying with cannabis altogether, is buying it when you arrive at your destination. However, this will only be feasible if flying to a state with recreational and/or medical programs. Fly safe and let us know where your travels take you!

Thank You: BlackRock Originals and Get $10 OFF Everything at BlackRock with your Referral Code: HERE


Medical Marijuana vs ADHD

In a German clinical study conducted between 2012-2014, patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were given cannabis plants as a form of medicine to potentially treat common symptoms related to ADHD. The study concluded patients with ADHD who did not benefit from conventional medication may benefit from consistent usage of herbal cannabis.

Thirty patients – two women, 28 men – made up the study with an average age of 30 at the initial visit, and ranged from 21 to 51 years old. Prior to the use of cannabis, these 30 patients were using conventional ADHD medication such as Ritalin, Concerta, Strattera, Dextrostat and Vyvanse, but seeing no improvements in their symptoms. German law allows patients who are unresponsive to government-approved medication to apply for a medical cannabis waiver.

The patients were generally asked to discontinue use of conventional medication, because it could have an adverse effect combined with the herbal cannabis and due to its prior ineffectiveness, and focus solely on the herbal cannabis to see how effective it was. Upon switching to the herbal cannabis, all 30 patients reported improved concentration and sleep along with reduced impulsivity.

At the conclusion of the study, eight of the patients continued to take a combination of conventional medication and herbal cannabis as they deemed it the most successful method to treating their symptoms. The remaining 22 decided to stick with just the herbal cannabis because it worked so well for them and they had no luck previously with the prior medication.

The clinical study came after case reports from 2008 suggested the possibility of therapeutic benefits from the use of herbal cannabis. The case study took a 28-year-old subject diagnosed with ADHD, exposed them to herbal cannabis, and found it “had a positive impact on performance, behavior and mental state”.

As of 2011, 11 percent of American children between the ages of 4 and 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD. The number of adults was lower, just 4 percent, though it is likely higher because if they weren’t diagnosed as a child, they likely won’t be as an adult.

Currently, the use of medical cannabis is not allowed to treat ADHD or its symptoms in the United States. However, two states – California and Washington, D.C. – allow doctors to recommend medical cannabis as a treatment, but solely at their discretion.

With over 10 percent of children in the United States suffering from ADHD and an unknown number of adults, this clinical study could very well open the door to states with legal medical cannabis incorporating ADHD as one of the ailments able to utilize its benefits.

via: MassRoots

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